William Bartram describes tobacco bags and pipes encountered on his visits to the Creeks in the early 1770s.

Bartram's image of the Creek pipe

Bartram's image of the Creek pipe

Bartram, William.  Travels through North and South Carolina, Georgia, East and West Florida: the Cherokee country, the extensive territories of the Muscogulges or Creek cenfederacy, and the country of the Chactaws … embellished with copper plates. 1792. Johnson.


p. 453 …and as soon as the drinking begins, Tobaco and pipes are brought.  The skin of a wild cat or young tyger stuffed with Tobacco is brought, and laid at the king’s feet, with the great or royal pipe beautifully adorned; the skin is usually of the animals of the king’s family or tribe, as the wild-cat, otter, bear, rattle-snake, &c.  A skin of tobacco is likewise brought and cast at the feet of the white chief of the town, and from him it passes on from one to another to fill their pipes from, though each person has besides his own peculiar skin of Tobacco. (Creek)

p. 316 ..he received the present with a smile, and thanked me, returning the favour immediately with his own stone pipe and catskin of tobacco, and then complimented me with a long oration.. (Creek)

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