These quotes are from James Adair’s History of the American Indians – generated by running a search for the word “pouch” against online versions.

A couple of versions are available online:

For each quote, I’ve listed the page number in parenthesis, and the cultural group in brackets if it’s clear from the text.  They are arranged in the order they appear in the text.

“When the Indians are travelling in their own country, they enquire for a house of their own tribe; and if there be any, they go to it, and are kindly received, though they never saw the persons before — they eat, drink, and regale themselves, with as much freedom, as at their own tables; which is the solid ground covered with a bear-skin. It is their usual custom to carry nothing along with them in their journies but a looking-glass, and red paint, hung to their back — their gun and shot pouch — or bow and quiver full of barbed arrows; and, frequently, both gun and bow: for as they are generally in a state of war against each other, they are obliged, as soon as able, to carry those arms of defence.” (17-18) [unclear]

“When they celebrated these funeral rites of the above chieftain, they laid the corpse in his tomb, in a fitting posture, with his face towards the east, his head anointed with bear’s oil, and his face painted red, but not streaked with black, because that is a constant emblem of war and death; he was drest in his finest apparel, having his gun and pouch, and trusty hiccory bow, with a young panther’s skin, full of arrows, along side of him, and every other useful thing he had been possessed of, — that when he rises again, they may serve him in that tract of land which pleased him best before he went to take his long sleep.” (183) [Cherokee]

“I do not remember to have seen or heard of an Indian dying by the bite of a snake, when out at war, or a hunting; although they are then often bitten by the most dangerous snakes — every one carries in his shot-pouch, a piece of the best snake-root, such as the Seneeka, or fern-snake-root, — or the wild hore-hound, wild plantain, St. Andrew’s cross, and a variety of other herbs and roots, which are plenty, and well known to those who range the American woods, and are exposed to such dangers, and will effect a thorough and speedy cure if timely applied.” (235) [Cherokee]

“On a Christmas-day, at the trading house of that harmless, brave, but unfortunate man, I took the foot of a guinea-deer out of his shot-pouch and another from my own partner, which they had very safely sewed in the corner of each of their otter skin pouches, to enable them, according to the Indian creed,, to kill deer, bear, buffaloe, beaver, and other wild beasts, in plenty : but they were so infatuated with the Indian superstitious belief of the power of that charm that all endeavours of reconciling them to reason were ineffectual: I therefore returned them, for as they were Nimrods, or hunters of men, as well as of wild beasts, I imagined, I should be answerable to myself for every accident that might befal them, by depriving them of what they depended upon as their chief good, in that wild sphere of life” (p. 240) [Cherokee]

“As on a level place, all the savages sit cross-legged, so my visitors did, and held their guns on their knee, or kept them very near, with their otter-skin shot pouch over one of their shoulders, as is usual in time of danger.” (p. 300) [Choctaw]

“There is that due proportion, and so much wild variety in the design, that would really strike a curious eye with pleasure and admiration. J. W — t, Esq; a most skilful linguist in the Muskohge dialect, assures me, that time out of mind they passed the woof with a shuttle; and they have a couple of threddles, which they move with the hand so as to enable them to make good dispatch, something after our manner of weaving. This is sufficiently confirmed by their method of working broad garters, sashes, shot-pouches, broad belts, and the like, which are decorated all over with beautiful stripes and chequers.” (423) [unclear]

“In the winter season, the women gather buffalo’s hair, a sort of coarse brown curled wool; and having spun it as fine as they can, and properly doubled it, they put small beads of different colours upon the yarn, as they work it: the figures they work in those small webs, are generally uniform, but sometimes they diversify them on both sides. The Choktah weave shot-pouches, which have raised work inside and outside.” (424) [Choctaw; general]

 Full bibliographic information:

Adair, James,  History of the American Indians…. 1775. London.  Edward and Charles Dilly, Publisher.

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